Are there any boundaries left in higher education?

Written by: Jack Windsor of the Ohio Star

October 6, 2020

Excerpts from the article:

According to the Ohio Department of Higher Education’s website, College Credit Plus (CCP) “is Ohio’s dual enrollment program that provides students in grades 7-12 the opportunity to earn college and high school credits at the same time by taking courses from Ohio colleges or universities.”

A 17-year-old high school student enrolled in Ohio’s CCP program signed up for “College Writing I: Social Issues Through Anime” at Kent State University (KSU).

The male student received an assignment that immediately caused him to go to his professor to seek an alternative writing task.

The KSU professor running the class, Bre Stephens, refused the minor student’s request for a substitute assignment.

Consequently, the 4.0-grade-point-average student opted to neither read the material in question nor write about it – instead, he took a zero on the assignment.

The material in question comes from the book, Anime from Akira to Howl’s Moving Castle by Susan J. Napier.

“It’s sexually explicit with acts of sex that are unimaginable – pictures and descriptions. Somebody with a twisted mind conjured it up,” said State Representative Reggie Stoltzfus (R-Paris Township) in an interview with The Ohio Star. Representative Stoltzfus was contacted by the student’s family who requested his assistance.

Representative Stoltzfus involved Ohio Representative Don Jones (R-Freeport).  Jones is the Chairman of the Primary and Secondary Education Committee.

Both Jones and Stoltzfus have been in communication with the Ohio Department of Higher Education and the State Relations Director at KSU – they asked KSU State Relations Director Brady Oxander to give the give the student an alternative assignment and for the material to be removed from the course.

According to Stoltzfus, KSU would not confirm with the representatives or the student’s parents whether an alternative would be issued upon their appeal, but reserved that communication for only the minor student.

However, KSU did deny the request to pull the material from the course through State Relations Director Brady Oxender who wrote “[t]he assigned text is related to the subject matter and prepares the class for dialogue about themed issues. Faculty have academic freedom to communicate ideas for discussion and learning to fulfill the course objectives.”

A picture that accompanies the text in question is not published here due to its pornographic nature. The text in question is displayed in part but cannot be displayed in full because it describes gross sexual acts involving minors, sex with demonic creatures, rape, sexual violence and sexual gore.

Representative Jones said, “If this stuff was pulled down from the internet and sent from an adult to a minor – found on someone’s computer – they could get arrested.  But because it’s under the banner of education it’s supposed to be okay.”

An Ohio attorney was contacted by The Star and consulted on the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) and whether the book and assignment would be a violation.

The attorney stated there are two codes that may be involved but both contain exemptions for the use of material for educational purposes.

The first code the attorney cited is “ORC 2907.31 that addresses ‘Disseminating Matter Harmful to Juveniles’ (if “harmful” to the juvenile, a misdemeanor – if ‘obscene’ then a 5th degree felony).  This does contain the ‘educational purpose’ defense,” said the attorney.

He continued “the other is ORC 2907.322 ‘Pandering Sexually Oriented Matter Involving A Minor’ (highest penalty is a 2nd degree felony).  It also contains the educational purpose exception.”

The attorney concluded “[f]rom what I know about anime, it can get a bit ‘risqué’ – but I think it would more likely be considered “art” rather than “pornography.” The author is a professor of Japanese Studies at Tufts University.”

Representative Jones concluded, “I told Brady [Oxander] that if my college daughter received and was to report on these materials, we’d be there cleaning out her dorm room and bringing her home. We spend millions of dollars a year on mental health, suicide awareness and prevention, sexual abuse issues – yet this is the type of the stuff we are exposing children to. And we wonder why we struggle with these issues; we are planting the seed.”


Jack Windsor is Managing Editor and an Investigative Reporter at The Ohio Star. Windsor is also an Investigative Reporter at WMFD-TV. Follow Jack on Twitter. Email tips to

Categories: State of Ohio & Lake County Schools

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1 reply

  1. You gotta wonder what’s really in the book if the kid never read it…here’s a Wikipedia description.

    The book has been criticised for its scholarly nature and “dryness”,[2] as well as the limited choice of titles presented.[3] Napier also does not include discussion of the anime industry.[4] It was praised for not trying to make there be just one reading of all anime.[5] It was criticised for not examining the graphical stylistic conventions of anime and for focusing too in the patriarchy.[6] It has been noted that Napier focusses on the narrative qualities of anime, covering ideas, images and themes presented, but that as of 2006, the book is still current and timely, and has an accurate tone when it discusses the anime fandom.[7] The clear language of the book has been praised.[8]


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